umakhi

umakhi

umakhi usebenza ekuhleleni nasekwenziweni kwesakhiwo noma isakhiwo. Abaklami bayakwazi ukuhlaziya imiqondo noma imibono yamakhasimende abo futhi benze namaphrojekthi okwakha ahlukile asuselwa kubo.

Umsebenzi womakhi wezakhiwo ungahluka: abanye basebenza ngokukhethekile ekwakheni izakhiwo zokuhlala noma zezentengiso, abanye bagxila ekubonweni komhlaba, ekuhleleni amadolobha, ngaphakathi nasekwenziweni okuhlaza okotshani. Kukhona negatsha lezakhiwo ezisebenza nezikhungo zezimboni.

Ngezansi sizobhekisisa amakhono amabili - umklami wezangaphakathi futhi umakhi wezwe. Ngayinye yazo inezici zayo ezithile futhi idinga amakhono ahlukene nolwazi.

Umakhi wezwe

Abaklami bomhlaba bangakhombisa ubuhle bezikhala zangaphandle, kepha bachitha isikhathi sabo esiningi emahhovisi, bedala futhi beguqula amapulani, belungiselela ukulinganisa kwezindleko namaklayenti emihlangano. Kodwa-ke, lokhu akusho ukuthi abaklami bemvelo abachithi isikhathi ezindaweni zabo zomsebenzi noma esizeni lapho kuthuthukiswa khona iprojekthi yabo.

Abaklami bemvelo abaningi basebenza embonini yezokwakha nezobunjiniyela. Abanye babo basebenzela izinkampani zensizakalo ezisebenza ngokwakhiwa kwezakhiwo zomhlaba.

umakhi

Amakhono kanye nekhono lomakhi wezakhiwo zomhlaba

Ukuze uphumelele, umakhi wezakhiwo zomhlaba kufanele abe namakhono athambile alandelayo nezimpawu zomuntu siqu:

  • lokusungula - kuzokuvumela ukuthi uklame izikhala ezinhle zangaphandle ezizosebenza futhi
  • ukulalela okusebenzayo - lokhu kuzokuvumela ukuthi uqonde izidingo nezifiso zamakhasimende
  • ukuxhumana ngamazwi - umakhi kufanele akwazi ukudlulisela imininingwane kumakhasimende akhe
  • ukucabanga okubucayi - abaqambi bemvelo badinga ukuthatha izinqumo futhi baxazulule izinkinga, futhi namakhono wokucabanga aqinile azokhomba izixazululo ezikhona bese ebahlola ngaphambi kokukhetha okuhle
  • ulwazi ngamakhompyutha - ubuchwepheshe budlala indima enkulu kulo msebenzi, kufaka phakathi isoftware enjenge-CADD yokulungiselela imodeli namaGeographic Information Systems

Imisebenzi nezibopho zomakhi wezakhiwo zomhlaba

Lo msebenzi uvame ukubandakanya ukuhlangana kwamakhasimende, onjiniyela, nabakhi bezakhiwo kanye nokunakekela lobu budlelwano ukuveza izisombululo ezingaba khona ezinkingeni futhi bakhombe nezidingo.

Kubalulekile futhi ukucabanga ngezinto zemvelo ezinjengokudonsa nokutholakala kwamandla lapho usebenza. Alikho ipaki elizokwakhiwa ngaphandle kokulungiswa kwamasu esiza kanye nezethulo zesithombe zamacebo kusetshenziswa ukwakhiwa kwekhompyutha nosizo lokukhiqiza (i-CADD). Umdwebi wezakhiwo zomhlaba futhi ulungiselela ukulinganisa kwezindleko futhi abheke isabelozimali sephrojekthi. Akuwona neze umsebenzi wedeski.

Bheka futhi: Ukwakhiwa kwamadolobha amancane

Umakhi wezakhiwo zangaphakathi

Ukwakhiwa kwezakhiwo zokuhlala

Abaqambi bezangaphakathi basebenza kakhulu namakhasimende ukuthola izidingo zabo nezifiso zekamelo elithile noma lonke ikhaya. Kwezinye izimo, zinikeza ubuchwepheshe bokuqamba iphrojekthi entsha yokwakha. Zisiza nokwakha isikhala esisodwa sokuhlala ngaphakathi noma ngaphandle kwesakhiwo. Ama-oda amaningi afaka amaklayenti emihlangano kaningana, enza idizayini futhi ahlinzeke ngezinketho zefenisha, amasampula wokupenda, ukubeka phansi nokukhethwa kwezibane.

umakhi

Idizayini yezentengiselwano

Njengokwakhiwa kwefulethi, ukwakhiwa kwezentengiso kulandela inqubo efanayo kepha ngezinga elikhudlwana. Abaqambi bezangaphakathi bezentengiselwano bahlaziya ukusebenza, ukuqina, isithombe somkhiqizo wamakhasimende nezici zemvelo zebhizinisi. Amaphrojekthi kufanele ahlangabezane nesabelomali samakhasimende nezidingo zesikhathi. Kwezinye izimo, abaklami bezentengiso badinga ukudala umklamo ovumela umsebenzi ukuthi uqhubeke phakathi kokufakwa.

Iphothifoliyo yezakhiwo

Iphothifoliyo kumane kungumbhalo odlulisela indaba yobungcweti ngomfanekiso, umbhalo, ukwakheka nefomethi. Kunezinhlobo eziningi zazo njengoba kunabantu abaqhuba lo msebenzi. Iphothifoliyo ingaba yedijithali ngokuphelele, i-analog ngokuphelele, noma inhlanganisela yalokhu okubili. Umnyango wezeMithombo Yabasebenzi wenkampani yakho ungahle ufune okufakiwe kwedijithali, okulethwe ngengosi yewebhu.

Iphothifoliyo enhle iqukethe amaphrojekthi amahle. Uma kukhona abaningi babo kwi-akhawunti yomklami noma yomakhi, kungcono. Isipiliyoni sidlala indima enkulu kulo msebenzi.

Izindaba zokusebenzisana

Abaqambi baklama izindlu, izakhiwo nezinye izinto. Le miklamo isetshenziselwa izakhiwo ezintsha, ukulungisa kabusha, ukulungisa kabusha nokwanda kwezindawo ezikhona. Baphinde babamba iqhaza elikhulu ezinhlelweni zokuhlela kabusha, ukulungisa kabusha, nokulungisa izakhiwo ezichithekile noma ezilimele, kubandakanya izakhiwo ezivikelwe, izindawo zokuhlala kanye nezigodlo. Umdwebi ubandakanyeka kuyo yonke inqubo yokwakha, kusukela kumiklamo yokuqala, imidwebo kanye namamodeli wesiphakamiso, ezinguquko ezisekelweni zezidingo zamakhasimende. Umdwebi usebenza ngokubambisana nabanye ochwepheshe bezokwakha kulo lonke iphrojekthi, enikela ngokufakwa okubucayi emininingwane emincane kakhulu, aze afike ekuhlolweni kokugcina nasekuvunyelweni.

Bheka futhi: Umthetho wokwakha nobuncane bezakhiwo

Uhola malini umakhi?

Amaholo ancike kakhulu endaweni yomsebenzi kanye nezinga lesipiliyoni. Abaklami abasha abanamakhono angenza imisebenzi ehlukahlukene ehlukahlukene, njengokuqamba amaphrojekthi, ukuvakashela amasayithi wephrojekthi, nokubika kumklami obhekele iphrojekthi.

Njengomakhi wezakhiwo ozisebenzelayo ungathembela ezingeni elithile lenkululeko ngokuya ngamahora okusebenza nokukhethwa kwephrojekthi. Inani lomsebenzi wehhovisi nokuklama kwangempela kukhula ngesipiliyoni esandayo nokuzethemba.

Njengoba isipiliyoni sikhula nemithwalo yemfanelo ishintsha, kanjalo nomholo. Ngakho-ke, kunzima ukusho ngokungathandeki ukuthi umakhi uhola malini.

Bheka futhi: Ukuhlelwa kwamadolobha - kuyini ngempela?

Bona ezinye izindatshana:

31 Agasti 2020

Indawo yokudlala yanamuhla ivumela ubumnandi obungenamkhawulo nobuphephile emoyeni omusha hhayi kuphela wabantwana babo bonke ubudala, kodwa futhi nentsha. ...

17 May 2020

Njengamanje, ifenisha yasemgwaqweni ihlanganisa nezembozo zesihlahla. Lezi zinto ezisebenzayo nezinobuhle zingenziwa ngezinhlobonhlobo zezinto zokwakha. ...

12 May 2020

Izinhlelo ezingamampunge ezisetshenziswe kwinqubo eyomile yezinkukhu zingasetshenziswa ezindaweni ezahlukahlukene. Njengamanje ukuthi ...

6 May 2020

Iziteshi zokulahla ukungasebenzi / iziteshi zokuhlanzeka zezandla yinto entsha ekunikezelweni kwethu njengezinto zokwakha ezincane. Isisombululo esenza lula ...

15 April 2020

Izakhiwo ezincanyana zakhiwa ngezinto ezincane zokwakha ezihlanganiswe emkhathini wedolobha noma zitholakala esakhiweni sangasese ...

31 March 2020

Kuliqiniso ukuthi umsebenzi womakhi wezakhiwo ngumsebenzi wamahhala ongaletha ukwaneliseka okuningi nezinzuzo zezinto ezibonakalayo, kepha indlela yokuqala ukusebenza ...